Bassa-English

Bible Dictionary


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A  B   C  D    Dy  F  G  Gb  H  Hw  I  J  K  Kp  M  N  Ny  O    P  S  T  V  W  Xw  Z

A, a

we

our

hour

k

oh! (surprise)

m

almond

B, b      top

b

to be rich, plentiful

b

to save from danger

shoe

boundary

ba-

fertile land

ba-

resources of the land

b-b

kind of bird (stork)

b-b

rich

abundant

B

Bible

bs

bronze

brass

bs-

bronze spear

bs-gb

bronze helmet

bs-p

cymbals

bs-w-

bronze armor

b

barley

b-

riches

b-

shoestring

bίn

to make someone rich

b-ny

wealthy person

b

young

tender

bk

brick

be

to hang (a person)

b

mark

b

bread

b-dyn-

yeast

b-kp

loaf of bread

b-m-pn-gb

oven

b-nyu-ny

baker

B-Se-Dyn--Gbo-N-hw

Feast of Unleavened Bread

bn

in place of

bޯn-

ornament

b ei

to surround (a town)

b xwa

to make a mistake

b

grudge

enmity

b

on behalf of

bn di

to wrap around ons head

bn i

to be wrapped in cloth

bn dyi

to flow throughout

bo

to be ripe (fruit)

to be red (eyes)

bnb

tambourine

b

slingshot (whirling type)

b--kp

stone used in slingshot

b

news

b

butter

b-kp

valley

bs-c

balsam tree

bn-bn

flat

b dyi

to delay

to put off doing something

b

on

to swell

b-b

swelling

b

to blossom

bu

to untie

to loosen

to free

b

rat

b-b-c

kind of tree

b-

mother-in-law

b-g

male in-law

bin

on

all over

b-ny

in-law

b-w

dowry

bn

neck

bunun m

to be bruised within

to bruise

b-po-cn

anointing oil

,       top

to plant

to line up

dy

to be about

concerning

to hitch to

dyi

to hang up

gb

to gird a sword on ons side

sn

to take by the hand

father

dy

to open (a hand)

w

to open ons mouth

a

to pray

lead

a-a

prayer

-

plants

--

fruit of a plant

--dy

seed for planting

--gb

garden

--p

garden

a-w

prayer

-

grandfather

-c

whip

short stick

aa

to beat

to play (an instrument)

(in time)

to be troubled (heart)

to blow (wind)

aa dy

to mock someone

aa gbe-xw

to hunt with dogs

aa k

to represent

aa m

to shake (a rug)

sheep

a

yard

aaa-

musical instrument

-dy-gm-ny

shepherd

-dy

lamb

-k

sheep pen

-k

sheep killed for eating

m-bin-c-ny

sheep shearer

-m-

wool

-po-ny

one who raises sheep

aa-b

ten

n

to go around something

n dy

to rebuke

n hw

to put a curse on someone

n-b

tenth

tithe

aa-kin

outside lappa

-dy

sir (address to old man)

n bin

to be attached to

n kin

to cover

an m

to pray in a certain place

n

to praise someone

n-n

praise

n-n-w

praise song

-j

sound of marching

s-ny

Bassa person

to

friend

n-n

many

you(pl.)

(plural)

a

those

ȣ

we (including speaker and addressee)

to have to

to have

s

to be crafty, cunning

w k

to have compassion on

ee

to sing

n hwn hw

to look on someone with favor

n j mnn

to put on the tip of the finger

n kn

to have on ons back

n dyi

to sing to someone

n m

to put into a song

ee-ny

singer

e

pig

ee-ee-

land of wandering

ee-ee-ny

wanderer

e-dy

temporary shelter

e-Dy-hw

Feast of Tabernacles

Ȩ

your (pl.)

these

en

to spread throughout the land

en dyi

to spread (a word)

to be scattered

-ny

blacksmith

Ⱥ

definite plural

-pa-ny

blacksmith

which

to be of certain size

dy

to be of full size

...k

in order to

to lick

certain kind of deer

-

soft

dy

to be soft

n dy

(with time-to be at the same time)

(with condition-to be in such a state)

bin

to feel by hand

įn

to be able to

įn dy

to be equal

įn kp

to be able to

įn w

to be equal

įn xwa

to be able to handle

įn-hw

half

-n---ny

dwarf

-n

pepper soup

hole

home

cow

ox

-

home country

-dy

calf

-gee

home farm

-gb

home

a person house

-gb-xwnn-ny

close relative

-hw

home town

-hwn

to the home town

i

down

i-dyi-n-

creeping animal

-kmn-

goad

-n-n

milk

-n-n ma-ma-kp

block of cheese

-ny

fellow country man

-s

beef

-ta

home town

-tan

home town

-dy

room

dy

to be small

i

to worship

i-i

worship

in-nan

sanctuary

i-ny

worshipper

-dy

toe

-kp

big toe

male

there

o

foot

leg

fruit

-k

heel

a

over there

o-b

footprint

o-en-tޯn

hamstring

o-j

sound of steps

sound of marching

land

dirt

-d

nation

-dy

native

-g

corner of the earth

-kp

earth

-nn-ny

prince

leader

cu-kp

respected leader

-sn-c-

history book

n

in the ground

-wn-

instrument to break up the ground

o-j

sound of footstep

-k

heel

o-p

about one foot

on-po-b

pair of shoes

to stop

to reject

n

to wean

-t

fist

to boast

n dy

to boast about

n dyin

to boast over

-k

arrogantly

-

smooth

u

boasting

n

to be divorced

to hit (e.g a dog) with something

bag

sir

to give off smoke

to grow

dyai

to be big (e.g. sin)

dy

to be big

kp w

to be very big

kpn

to be very big

-

fat

n mn dy

to be proud

n

growing

sleeveless shirt (ephod)

to dig

uu

to fall (dew)

uu z

to prophesy in an ecstatic state

n

to withhold something from someone

n dya

to fall before

n k

to fall onto

bark of a tree

C, c      top

c

to deceive

really

c j kin

to mess up something

(hw) c kin

to go into a frenzy

c

thatch

c-c

deceit

c-c

cricket

c xwa

to turn

can

to be mixed with

cn

oil

fat of meat

cn-d

fatty place

cn-dn-po-po

anointing on the head

cn-t

flask of oil

cp

captain

ce

light

c

to write

c-c

speckled

c-

book

letter

c--kp

letter

c--kp

book

c-dy

writing

spot

c

to learn

c dyi

to pick up

to find

c

to say

to cut (a farm)

c

to cut off

c o-en-tޯn

to hamstring (a horse)

c d

to cut off someons head (after death)

c k

to cross (a road)

c kn

to speak behind ons back

c kpn

to be separated

c kp

to cut through the middle of something

c m bin

to shear (a sheep)

c woo gbo

to publicly chase out (cut off)

c xwnn

to make partitions

c zn

to judge a matter

c

to break (string)

c

to be cut off

c dya

to be of a certain height

c kpo

to be cut in half

c

cherub

cĨ xwa

to turn around

cïn dyi

to cut into pieces

cïn kin

to cross two things

cïn kpi

to cut into pieces

cޯn dy

to be cut off

cޯn gm ei

to erect a wall around (a town)

cޯn k

to cross through (a valley)

cޯn zaa

to decide a case

cĨ xwa

to turn around

to turn over

cin

flat (pan)

ck

shekel

c-s

poisonous snake

c

to live

c-nan

dwelling place

cw

steward

usher

cc-gb

church building

c

stew

soup

c

to push

cu

tree

cu-k-hw

village

small town

cu-

fruit

cu-

branch

c-

pillar

cu-g

tree standing alone

cu-gb

bush

cu-gmkn

root of a tree

cu-gmnn

tree stump

cu-gmn

root of a tree

root

cu-gmn

tree stump

cu

to send one on his way

cun m

to send a message by someone

cu-w

message sent

cu-p

plank

D, d      top

da

somewhere

da vin

far away

d

here (emphatic); mother-in-law

mother-in-law

d

to hop (insect)

daa

to kindle a fire

d

old lady (respectiful title of an elderly woman)

grand mother

dn-d

choice part (e.g. of meat)

d gbo

to listen to

d dya

to respect

to honor

d dy gbo

to notice

to look after

(f) d dy

to suffocate

d dyi

to set down

to keep

(hw) d dyi

to be satisfied

d d

to converse

d gb

to pack up

d gb

to begin

d hwi

to please someone

to expect

d hw dyi

to please someone

d hw k

to trust in someone

to hope for something

d kn

to set on the shoulder

d k d

to put ons hands over his head (in sorrow)

d kpo

to fasten with a knot

d m

to describe

d s dn

to set hands on the head of

d t-mn

to mortgage

d wuu

to make a covenant (2 parties)

d xw w

to make someone pregnant

d zaa

to present a palaver

d

testicles

d--

sackcloth

dee

beans

d

to bathe

d bin

to bathe all over

d dyi

to wash off (part of the body)

d

to descend (a hill)

d dya

to sit down

d

to descend (a hill)

dee--n

bean soup

dn n

to bathe with water

dȯn dyi

to get on (a rope)

d-w

covenant

gma-gb

Ark of the Covenant

dee-g

bean field

dn

exact (time)

den dn

to be on top of each other

den kin

to be piled up

den wuu kin

to make an agreement

dn d

to set on the head

dn dyi

to set in a place

(hw) dn dyi

to be pleased with something

dn dya

to set in front

dn hwuui

to be at the bottom of

dn k

to be on top of

dn m

to soak into

(hw) dn min

to be satisfied with

dn wuu wn

to send a message by

dn xwa

to send in care of (someone)

d

shame

d

the place where

d

where?

d

fly

d

to go around

dįn

to carry around something

d-

shameful thing

dn

moon

month

dn-c-

calendar

Dn--Hw-hw

New Moon Feast

dn-dy

star

d-hw

capital city

d

terror

di i

to ask about something

di dyi

to ask

d

strong wind

dn-dn

glory

wonderful

dn-dn-

wonder

din-d

amazement

D

September

d

raft

don m

to deny

don-n

riddle

dn

lake

d-n

urine

d

to buy

d o

to linger

d m

to test

to tempt

d w

to taste

dn

line (of people)

d

conversation

d-kp

torch

d׳n

(word of challenge)

d

head

group

d

fanner

D-D

January

d-

head (apart from body)

d-hw

top of the head

di-bn-

turban

d-s-

inheritance

d-s-ny

heir

d-jnn-

headtie

d-k-d-

pillow

dunu

dew

mist

Dunu-T

March

D

May

d

moth

dn

long dress

,       top

to call

to have regard for someone

a

to fry

(used in lest construction)

here

have (completive)

knife

leg (of an animal cut off)

aa-cn

fried oil

(used for yellow color)

-m

barren woman

to kill

dy

to kill with something

dya

to frown

k

to kill someone

s

to circumcise

aa

to rain

to weave

to cut down

-

slaughter

n

to kill in a certain place

n dy

to kill with something

aan dyi

to cut with something

n

to measure

n-

miracle

sign

aa-t

rainy season

-dy

small knife

n

to call someone something

n nynċn

to promise

to name after someone

np

lamp

there

e

back

again

mother

e min

to think through carefully

e-w

window

a

over there

far over there

guest

to be sweet

win

to be sweet in the mouth

-

sweet

ei

around

en

behind

n

to melt something

en-s-ny

follower

ek

also

n

linen

n-n-n

linen underwear (male)

n-

linen cloth

n-gγn

linen robe

n-gb-jnn-

linen belt

n-f

linen ephod

e-w

window

what?

k j

why?

thing

spirit

gb

bad thing

--ny

truck farmer

--z

year for planting

n

to like to do something

m

to love

-to

beloved friend

n-n

love

-dyi-dn-nan

storeroom

-fuu-ny

irresponsible person

-f

dishes

-gana-xwa-zn-ny

violent man

-gana-xwa-zn-zn

violence

-gb-nyu-ny

evil person

-gbo-n-

measuring item

-gbo-n-

plumb line

(ny) -hwi-dyn-s-kp

memorial stone

n-

good thing

n-dyi-dn-nan

storeroom

-kin-gmn-ny

overseer

-k-sn-s-kp

millstone

-m-n-

volume measurement

-m-n-kp

measuring cup

-m-gb-

destructive thing

-min-e-ny

careful thinker

mu kpn wÁ c-ny

prophet

mu kpn wÁ dy-ny

seer

-m-mn-ny

reckless person

-m-nya-

sifter

-pee-ny

a merchant

-p-ny

cook

-s-b k-pn-

seal

-xwa-b-b

mistake

-xwa-dׯn-

scale

spear

i

to eat

i wuu

to vow

foreigner

-kp

foreign custom

n

foreign land or country

ian--kp

right big toe

ian-

right foot

ian--t

right ear lobe

ian-dy-

right eye

ian-j-kp

right thumb

ian-p

right hind leg

ian-s

right hand

-w

foreign language

ie ()

new

some of (pl.)

relative

ii-c

tree with edible fruit

ii-

food

ii--bίn-ny

one who has a lot of food

ii--hw

banquet

ii--hw

big bowl of food

ii--ny-

food offering

ii--s-zn-

grain offering

-g

brother

-m

sister

n

to eat in a certain place

n wuu dyn

to make a promise before someone

ii-p

pasture grass

ii-s

edible meat

ii-v

edible greens

-kp

a throw of a spear

o

honey

handle (of tool)

a

some

oo

to send (a person)

to be full (after eating)

oo j

to send for someone

oo k

to send a messenger

oo wuu

to send word

oon wuu dyi

to send a message

-

each

o-kp

honeycomb

o-n

honey

n

only

branch of (tree, river, etc.)

cloth

neck (in combination with other words)

-kpa

war trumpet

-po-

necklace

s

dragon

-z

sackcloth

dy

to lift

to take so long (with time)

kpa

to take the blame

kp

to begin

u pڃ

to weigh so many pounds

u to

to be victorious

u ton

to defeat

ua

anchor

ua-pn-nan

harbor

rope

vine

ear

drum

u-u

kind of bird (black head)

-gb

vine

n-po-

earring

-t

lobe of the ear

Dy, dy      top

dy

to climb up

to grow (a beard)

dy ganan

to increase in strength

dy gbn

to enter a house for sex

dy m

to enter

dy too

to go on shore

dya

on

to dream

dya nyn-pn

to have a wet dream

dy

to bring

dy i

to humble someone

dy hwi

to remind

dy mn i

to humble oneself

dy pee

to run

dy to k

to attack

dy-w

saying

dya-d-d

honor

dya-d-nan

seat

dya-dya

dream

dyn dyn dyi

to climb to the top of

dyn dy

to make a mound of dirt

dyn dyi

to go along (a path)

dyn gma

to make up for breaking the law

dyn m

to cause to enter

dyan dyi

to come back together (river)

dyn

to bring with

dyn kin

to bring on top of

dyn-

yeast

dya-tm-tm

height

dy

to see

to find

dy da

to discover something (you looked for)

dy dy

to experience

dy dyi

to watch

dy g

to suffer

dy kpn kn

to profit from something

dy kpn

to honor

dy ti

to be ready

dy wn

to have compassion on

dy xwan

to get something from someone

dy zaa

to be in trouble

dye

to dance

dy

eye

colour

dy

monkey

dy-

eyeball

dy-dyi-kpan-ny

spy

dyn

in the sight of

dyn-dyi-kp-ny

blind person

dy-w

eye disease

dy-

possession

dy-

thread

dyn

to meet

dyn g

to punish

dyn hwn

to be jealous

dyn ti

to get something ready

dy-t

desire to see

dy

to be dry

even

dy m

this

dy mn

even

dy

maybe

this part

dy-dy

dry

dyn

to catch up with (in time)

to dry

dyn dyi

to find (as an auxiliary verb)

to discover

dyo, k...

although

dy

to be full

dyi

to come

dyi e

return

come back

dyi hwi

to remember

dyi w

to come towards someone

dy-n-w

boastful word

dyi-di-

question

dy

to steal

dy

black dye used on skin

dy-

stolen thing

dy-dyun-b

mark of recognition

dy-gb-

stumbling block

dy-gm-ny

bodyguard

dy-gmn-p

fortress

dy-gmn-s-kp

protective rock

dyi

up

dyi-dyi

sky

dyin

face

dyn

to fill with something

dyn dyi

to fill up an area

dyn m

to fill something with

dyn

to come through

through

by means of

dyn-dyn

full

dy-n

flood

dyin-nm-m

beautiful woman

dyi-kpn-w

wedding day

dyi-nyn-

abomination

dyi-nyn-kp

detestable custom

dyi-e

second crop

dy-pon-pon

meeting

dy-sįn-

righteous act

dy-sįn-k

righteously

dy-sįn-ny

righteous man

dyi-t-ny

wanderer

dy-tmn-

vision

example

dyi-v-ny-

wave offering

dy-zn-

shield

dy

sun

dyoo

anger

dyan

afternoon

dyan s-s/dy-d--hw

noon

dyn

this afternoon

dyan-w

day

dy-b-

time of dry season

dy-b-t

dry season

y d d hw-t

noon

dy-dyi-kpn-nan

west

dyoo-hw

angry heart

dyoo-k

angrily

dyoo-nm

fierce animal

dy-xwn-wn-nan

east

dy

ocean

sea

dyo

(response when called)

dy-kp

wave

dy-n

seagull

dyn-p

seaweed

dy

seed in a plant

smile

dy-c

an object of ridicule

dy-c

laughing-stock

dy-

joke

dy (dy)

uncooked

raw

dy

sky

body

dy-k

skin

dyn

heaven

dy-w

laughter

dy

child

dya

in front of

dy

seed

dy

one

same

dya-kp

forehead

dya-vӯn-ny

general

dya-wn

front of the scalp

dy-

husband

dy-

mother

dy dy-

son-in-law

dy gm

daughter-in-law

dyu

elephant

dyu-nyn

ivory

dy-g

son

dy-gb

young child (10-15)

dy-gb-tn

time of youth

dy

gray hair

Dy-k

Pleiades

dy-m

daughter

dyu

to know

dyu dy

to know something

dy-p

baby

dy-tn

time of childhood

dyw

younger

dy-wn-wn

child bearing

F, f      top

f

to rip

f m

to split in half

to be torn

f w

to split

f

scar

to shine

fear

fa-

curtain that divides (as in Temple)

f

flax

f

flour

f-f

torn

fn n dyi

to tear clothes

fn dyi

to tear something

f-kċn

one yard (in lenghth)

fn-fn

half

f

old farm spot

fee

chaff

f-

fig

f-c

fig tree

f

life

breath

f-c

tree of life

f-w

lifetime

fܯn xwa

to be light

fܯn xwai

to be fast

to be easy

fޯn

to be afraid

fޯn dyi

to fear something

f-f

thin (as hair)

f

to be free

f-z

Year of Jubilee

fi

to rub on oil

fn-m

leaf

f

to be lazy

fn

empty

F-V

February

fn

to wait for

fn hw

to wait for someone on a road (often in ambush)

f

flesh

f

to burn something

f

to rest

to breathe

f-f

rest

breath

fn

to breathe into

fӯn

to burn in a certain place

fӯn-nan

place for burning

fn on dyi

bare-foot

fn gb

to be naked

fn hw

to be wise

fn m

to shine a little in

fn min

to be naked

fn xwa

to be empty-handed

fnn min

to make oneself naked

fnn xwa

to leave empty-handed

f

kind of bird

f

at all

f-

living creature

f-s-zn-

burnt offering

f-w

holiday

Sabbath

f-z

year of rest (seventh)

to be quick

fڣ xwai

to do something quickly

fڣ-

urgent matter

f-fڃ

trouble

F

June

to float

f-f-ny

worthless person

G, g      top

g

to choose

corner

g dyi

to do continually

to be present

g min

to be present somewhere

to be on someons person

g

suffering

g

to be mysterious

to be awesome

g-

awesome thing

g

mat

ga

intently (context of looking)

ga

man

trumpet

GΣ-aa-hw

Feast of Trumpets

gΣ-aa-ny

trumpeter

g-

unusual thing

wonder

ga-

penis

ga-dy

boy

ga-dy-gb

boy

ga-dy-p

baby boy

g-Gp

great God

gΣ-gm

trumpet made from an animal horn

gΣ-w

trumpet sound

ga-z-

mighty act

ga-z-ny

mighty warrior

ga-b

mold

g

tomorrow

g-ny

person of royalty

g-dy-dy

suffering

poverty

g-dy-ny

poor person

gn dy

to keep a secret from someone

g-k

fiercely

painfully

gana

strength

gn

whole

gana-k

powerfully

gana-k

hard work

gn-kڊn

morning

gn-kڊn mn

early morning

gana-nm

wild animal

gana-s

powerful hand

gan

lion

gs

sword

gs-dy

edge of a sword

gan

at the edge of

g̳n

gown

robe

gun-gun

strong/securely

gn-t-w

lizard (one type)

ge

to divide

ge m

to be divided

g w

to burst open (a fountain)

gee

farm

g

grape

g

country stove

g-

grape

g--gb

grape vine

g-gb

vineyard

g-hw

bunch of grapes

gee-kp

several farms

gee-nyu-ny

farmer

gee-p

farm land

gp

god

Gp-c-

scripture

Gp-c- dyu-ny

scribe

g

hawk

g-kp

kind of hawk

gen

to divide something

gen min

to divide up among

gn kn

to attack

g-v

grasshopper

gw-p

gerah (money)

g

yoke

g-g

silent

g

quiet

g

slave

g-g

male slave

g-m

female slave

ginin dyi

to be surprised

g

death

g-ny

spirit

g-ny gbo-w-ny

one who speaks to the dead

go

stick used to cut brush

g

gold

go

to remain until the next day

g-bޯn-

gold ornament

g-cި

gold chain

g-gb

gold crown

goun

middlesized

medium lenghth (of time)

g

favorable response

g-j-w

answer

g-kp

hunting bag

gmn-ny

official

g-g

torso

gu-c

aromatic resin

Gb, gb      top

gba

on (a road)

gba dyi

to spread out

gb

wooden hook

to lock

gb w

to surround

gb xw

to set a trap

gb

farm shelter

gba dyi

to spoil

to ruin

gb

farm platform

altar

fight

gb

hat

crown

gbʣ

to redeem

gbʣ nyn

female goat

gb-

lappa

gb-p

wrestling

gbaa

forked stick

Gb-Gb

November

gbn-m

prostitute

gbn-po-po

prostitution

gb

harp

gb-gb

rascality

gb-gb-k

in a rascal way

gbʯn

to clothe

gbʯn hw dyi

to be anxious about something

gbʯn w

to beseige (a town)

gbʯn-

lock bolt

gb-k

badly

gbo

no

gbʳn-f

desert

gb-w

closing day

gb-wn

bucket

gbe

dog

gbn

to hug

gbn hw

to hug someone on ons lap

gb

tree like cedar

gbe-z

waist

gb

bed

gb ei

to abandon someone

gb, k

here is

gb

load

kinja

gb

region

gb-gb

few

a little

gbn dyi

to spread

to scatter

gbn dy

to count something

Gb-z

Buchanan

gbn dyi

to slide around

gb

to hide crouching

gb

on the border of

on the edge of

gbo

to

gbo o k

to have complications at childbirth

gbo dy

to block someone

gb

house

to stumble

gb-den-kin

multi-storied building

gbo-n-

tape measure

object that predicts the future (lot)

gb-en-z

midwife

gb

bowl

gb-w

bowlfull

gbѯn dy

to stack up

gbѯn k

to pile up on

gbo-gm-ny

one who takes care of another

gbo-jnn-

belt

gbo-kp-ny

spouse

gbo-kp-s

help

gbo-kpn-s-zn-

fellowship offering

gbo-n-

younger wife (in relation to older one)

concubine

gbo-n-

master

gbo-n-dy

servant

gbo-n-g

male servant

gbo-n-m

female servant

gbo-n-m-dy

young female servant

gbo-n-ny

servant

gbo

to curse

to swear

gbo dy

to swear by

gb

stocks

gbo-w

curse

gbo-pa-w

bribe

gb-kp

old spot of a house

gb-p

eave of a house

gbn-gb

proper house

gb-w

door

gb-xwnn

family

gb-xwnn-g

male family member

gb-xwnn-ny

family member

gb-xwnn-p

family land

gbo-zn-zn

separation

gbo-zi-zi

to side with someone

gb

to bark (explosive cry of a dog)

gb

bottom

rump

gb-d-d

beginning

gb

box

gb-fn-fn

nakedness

gb m

to destroy

to perish

gb-po-

plan

gbu

hunchback

gb

to run

gb

hip

gb

dove

gb

farm shelter

gb

heated, beaten rice

Gm, gm      top

gma

law

to patch

gm

wife

gm-n

kind of bird (gull)

gm-vȧ

woman after giving birth

gma-c-

law book

gmae

lover

gmae-po-ny

adulterer

gma-dyn-w

monetary fine

gma-dyi-kp-kp

keeping the law

gman dy

to sew together

gm

horn

gm

chair

gmn

to raise in a home

gmn m

to gird (a sword)

gmn-

nursemaid

gmn

tree root

gm

wall

gm

to look at

young

gm dya

to look at

gm dy

to watch after

gm gbo

to look after

gm hw

to watch down the road

gm m

to look inside

gmn bin

to examine

gmn ei

to look around

gmn dyn

to face each other

gmn dyi

to look around

gmn kin

to examine

gmn dyn-dy m

to favor someone

gmn gbo

to look to

gmn hwn-dyn

to look on someone with jealousy

gmn m

to look through (a window)

gmn

to meet

gm-w

gate

H, h      top

h̃-hΣ

kind of bird (stork)

he

it is not so

hs

hyssop

h-kp

foundation (of the earth)

hn

hin

hiny

four

h

five

hd

hundred

Hw, hw      top

hw

middlesized

middle age

hwaa

to vomit

hwe

witchcraft

hw

to stay for a short time

hw w k

to fast

hwn

to remain

hwe-kp

wicked act

hwe-nyu-nyu

witchcraft

hw

to be finished

before

to die (with life as subject)

hw

before

hw e

to gather around

hw

to be mature

(kp) hw dy

to lose strength

hw dyi

to be finished

hw ga

to be mature

hw gb

to be finished

hw hwi

to forget

hw k

then (conjunction)

hw kp

to be weak

hw po ni

even

hw mnn

to end

hw m

to be holy

hwn-gb

last

hwn-hwn

holy

hwn

jealous

hw-c

palm tree

hw-m

palm leaf

hw-z-ny

escort

hw-taa-taa

faith

hw

road

hw-k--

food for the road

hw-kp

journey

hw

among

hw

wheel

wagon

hw-

oxcart

hwn-hw

kind of bird (raven)

hw-s

chariot

hw-s-nn-ny

charioteer

hwo

evening

hwo p

sunset

hwo-k

in the evening

hwo-t

evening time

hw

sorcerer

hw-

sorcery

hwt

wheat

hw

kind of bird (osprey)

hw

heart

hw-dy-n-n

pride

hw-dyi-d-k

confidently

hw-dy

heart

hw-dy-k

unitedly

hwѨ--hw-k

wholeheartedly

hw-fn-ny

wise person

hw-k-d-ny

trustworthy person

hw-kin-nm-nm

generosity

hw-kin-nynn-

evil thing

hw-kin-nynn-nynn

wickedness

hw-kin-nynn-ny

wicked person

hw-po-nan

to have hope

hwn

in the middle

hwn-hwn-hwn

likemindedness

hw-w-ny-

freewill offering

hw-w

curse

hw-k

flute

hw

chameleon

hw

canoe

hw

to finish

feast

hw

canoe

hw dy

to be next to

to finish something

hw hwi

to cause to forget

hw kp

to take away ons strength

hw m

to purify

hw too dyi

to annihilate

hw

city

hw-dy

village

hw-g

men of a town

hw-hw

street

hw-kp

several villages

hwn

to resemble

hwn hwn

to be of like mind

hwn dyi

to realize

hwn-

idol

example

hwn- s-s

carved image

hw-n

semen

hw-pa-pa

feasting

hw-w

feast day

hwu

to raid

hwuu

darkness

deep within

hw

to haul

hw

old broken down town

hw

bowl (for food)

hwe

mildew

hwe-dy

green

hwuu-

plunder

I, i      top

 

nd-l

India

f

ephah

f

ephod

nj

angel

J, j      top

truth

truly

jʣ Gp

living God

true God

jʣ-k

in truth

jʣ-ny

faithful person

jaa

to break off

to complete (a week)

jaa

to move from a place

jaa m

to break (law)

jaa wuu

to end a speech

jn

to move

jn d

to finish with something

jn-gb

tent

jn-hw

camp

j-dy-p

about 7 a.m. (red color yet)

jίn-jίn

sour

jkas

donkey

jana

big cricket

je

kind of lizard

j

because of

j

sore

j

to quarrel

j

brass

j

razor

j

to be broken

to be finished (year)

j

really

jn di

to quarrel with somebody

j-j

brass pot

j-w

quarrel

ji

leopard

j

to be numbered

j k

as many as

as much as

j

sound

j

pot

j-j

grace

kindness

j-j-

gift

jb

kind of bird (black vulture)

jii

to pull away

j o zin

to fall at someons feet (for help)

j dyi

to fall on ons face

j m

to fasten on

j wn

to cover (a well)

jn m

to pull through

j

finger

j-dy

finger

j-kp

thumb

jn m

to be equal in number

jn-po-

ring

jnn d

to tie around the head

jnn gbo

to tie around the waist

jnn k

to be determined for something

j-gbn-b

owl

j

baldness

j-m

widow

j

to become

if

j

to put on cosmetics

j g

to answer

j

axe

jn nyn

to name

j

hammer

K, k      top

k

to cut open

crab

k

to stop (rain)

k

to shut

k dy

to close up

k

so

that

k k

different

k

to be stubborn

king

ka

to be opened

to open

k n

now

ka dyi

to open (a book)

thus

k̃-

kingdom

k̃-

royal clothes

k̃-gb

crown

k̃-gb

palace

k̃-gbo-n-k

work for the king

k̃-gm

throne

k̃-k

royal work

k̃-kp

royal authority

k

hoe

kf

excuse

kn sn

to warn secretly

kn

to complain against

kίn

kind

sort

kn-kn

blame

kίn-kίn

different kinds of

km m

to be difficult

to be rare

km-

strong liquor

difficult thing

kmn-kmn

difficult

kn dyi

to be healed

kn p

always

kn-k

harshly

knn dyi

to heal

Kn-Nyn

July

kn-p

dry cold wind

Kn-Vn

August

kn

now

k

oh! (surprise)

k

and

oh! (rebuke)

ke

still

yet

eagle

k

and

Km-hw

Orion

k-k

little by little

k

to laugh

k

(question particle)

chest

k k

this

kb

although

whether

k

rust

mildew

k-dy-j-

breastplate

k

stubbornness

k

but

(end of clause)

defect

k w k

however

kn-dy

mortician

k

messenger

k dy

to be odd

k

to bend (a bow)

k m

to bend at an angle

kii i dyi

to rub in the dirt

to destroy

k

nape of neck

kii

to roll

k

bear

kn

first

kn

top or lid (cover of a hole or bowl)

kn-kn

first

k

to be different

k dyi

to sit down

k k

to sit on

k pn

to sit in ambush

k-k

carefully

hard

k-k-j-t

riot

kn

court yard

compound

kn o k

to set on your lap

kn dyi

to sit someone down

to take someone from a position

k-k

different (kinds)

k-nan

sitting place

k

pile

pen (animal)

k-t

tar

kp

cup

kp-w

cupful

k

to ripen (grain)

k dy

to be disfigured

k

to build (a ship)

k en

to follow (in time)

k dy

to be next (in time)

k dy

to be next to

k

on

k

to own

to have to

k

lest

k

to care about

k j gbo

to care about someone

k kp kn

to have a right in something

k nyn

to have a right in a person

k s

to be clever

to be cunning

k w-w

to abate (in anger)

k wuu

to rule

k-d-

stand (for a thing)

k-d

knee

k

to be lame

k-ny

lame person

k-hw

kind of bird (white owl)

kn e

to come back

kn

back

kin

on top of

kn dy

to arrange (firewood)

kin-n-

covering (atonement)

kn-

gift given by one who returns

kin-ny

leader

k-k-

chair

k-kp

backbone

km-

riches

treasure

k-ny

owner

a seedling just starting to germinate

shoot of a plant

kӺ-

possession

kp̳n

compound (place)

ks

arresting officer

k-p-

bed

ks

arresting officer

government messenger

k-t

time of harvest

kn

back

kn-kp-nm

riding animal

ku

skin

ku di

to be strong (a nation)

ku dyi

to be strong

ku hw

to be brave

to be patient

ku hwn

to be stubborn

ku m

to be thick (bread)

ku w

to be fierce

to be hard

ku xwa

to be heavy

k

work

k-kn-po-po

ordination

k-kn-po-s-zn-

ordination offering

k-m-nyn-

utensil

k-nyu-ny

hired man

k-d-n

kind of bird (green feathers)

k--ny

murderer

kuu

to roar

to scoop up

kn dy

to pile up by pushing back

kn xwa

to pick up by hand

kuu-kuu

noise

k-k

rash

k

group of

k

hide

skin of animal

k-kp

leather

kui-kui

strong

k-kp

cane

walking stick

kn dyi

to strengthen someone

kn hwi

to be patient

kn hwn

to encourage someone

ku-kin-w

skin disease

km

to expel

km

to become hard

kmn

to strive after

to chase after

km-km

hard (in density)

kunu-s

left hand

kunu-xw

left hand

kn

kind of bird (little owl)

k

garbage pit

k-too

grave

kun-kun

thick

kn

medicine

kn-kp

medicine (idol)

kn-kp-gp

false god

Kp, kp      top

kp

to happen

bone

kp i

to fall down

kp

to stop

to cease

kp dn m

to line up

(hw) kp ei

to be disappointed

kp

to hug around the neck

(kp) kp dy

to be strengthened again

kp dyi

to fall

to die (euphemism)

to set (sun)

kp dyoon

to become angry

kp fn

to be afraid

kp fn

to be empty

kpa g

to receive an apology

kp gbo

to help

to happen to

kp gbo m

to fall into a predicament

kp gb

to set (sun)

kp hwnn

to be jealous of

kp hw xwnn

to start ons journey

kp hw

to jump into the middle of something

kp jʣ

to be fulfilled

kp k

to chase after

kp k

to be increased

to attack

to fall on

kp kn

to ride

to mate (animal)

kp kڊn

to faint

kp kp

to be strengthened

kp kpon

to have shape

kp mn

to be happy

kp nmn m

to fall into sin

kp nyn

to fall asleep

kp wk

to be set aside (for holy purpose)

to step aside

kp wn

to be sad

kp xwn

to escape

kp xwan dyi

to fall into the power of

kp

to pick

kp

trap

kp m di

to pull out hair

kpa

to carry

to cost

debt

kpa

to be important

kp--s-c-

record book/chronicles

kpa dya

to carry on

kpa hw

to carry halfway

kpa kin

to repeat

kpa pee

to run

kpa to k

to attack

kpa wuu dya

to speak again

kpaa

sheath

kp-ny

twenty

Kpa-Dyua

October

kpi-kpi

lonely (place)

kpn dyoon

to be angry with someone

kpn gbo

to pay attention to something

kpn k

to chase after with

kpn k dyi

to fall backwards

kpn m

to have fellowship together

to be joined together

kpn mn dyi

to be happy with something

kpn xwn

to flee with someone

kpn xwan

to be united

kpn gana

to carry away by force

kpn hw

to assume

kpίn

to be slow in growth

kpa-kin-zn kp

vengeance against someone

kpn

profit

kpana

to scrape

to shave

kpa-ny

debtor

kpa-pįn-s-zn-

guilt offering

kp-t

raised platform for cooking inside

kp̊n

for a little while

kpҳn

grasshopper

kpn-hwn

last child

kpa-zn-kp

revenge

kp

power

authority

kp

to be black

kp dyn dyi

to be blind

kp--ny

powerful person

kp

to wish for

kpee

custom

kpe-kpe

only one

kpn dyn dyi

to blind

(hw) kpn kin

to be perplexed

kpn-dy-dy

respect

kp-po-w

crying

kp

black

kp-kp

frequently

kp

malice

kp

black

kpo

boil

bundle

kp-dy

body

kpo

to scrub well

kp-kp--c

club

kp

shore

kpoo

group

kp

jail

kp-en-kp-ny

prisoner

kp

frog

kp

to catch

to take

kp en

to be engaged to someone

kp dy

to restrain

kp dyi

to maintain (law)

to marry

to grab

to accept

to be cloudy

kp hw

to meet someone coming to greet him

kp hw

to be zealous for something

kp kin

to catch in top of

to keep (a word)

kp kn dyi

to profit from someone

kp kpa

to borrow

kp xwan

to accept from someone

kpn dyi

to get married

kpn gbo

to be together

kpӯn bn

to grab by the neck

kpӯn dy

to light something

kpӯn dyi

to hold onto

kpӯn ganan

to take by force

kpӯn kn

to overtake

kpӯn zaa

to make guilty

kpn-kpn

caught on fire

kp

thick bush

kp-

prey

kp-nm

carnivorous animal

M, m      top

I

my (inalienable)

me

you

your (inalienable)

m

(introduce yes question)

(recent past)

ma

(past tense)

to dry (a river)

to be heavy to someone

ma m

to be careful

ma

night

ma

woman

ma--w

woman 's period

ma-dy

girl

man

in the night

man-g

night hawk

man-hw

night

man-k

at night

man-w

night

maba

yesterday

mn

nose

point

mana

blessing

to swallow

mn

manna

mn-

nostrils

mnn

end

mnn-hwn-nan

final place

mnn-hw-t

time to end

mn-wn--

nose ring

mn

tonight

me

may

m

ship

mn-g

sailor

m

to die

intestines

bowstring

m dy

to fade (sore)

m s

to be circumcised

m

to create

to grow

may

clay

m-b

death news

md

mandrake

m-dy

clay pot

m

to be slow

m-

thing that is made

mįn

to die in a certain place

mįn i

to die a natural death

mįn dy

to die by

mn

to be present at (while)

m-m

death

mn

to scatter (dirt)

mn

small

mnįn bin

to sprinkle all over

mnn-

six

mnn-hiny

nine

mnn-s

seven

mnn-t

eight

mn-mn

small

m-t

time of death

m-w-w

hemorrhoids

m

hair

leaf

mc

tears

m

plenty

m-kpo

oneself

mn

oneself

m-p

hair cut off

m-w

strand of hair

mic

tongue

m

I (emphatic)

m

to want

hunger

to sleep

to go out (fire)

to want sexually

m dyn dyi

to find fault with someone

m dyi

to look for something

m xw

to want something badly

m

to be

you (emphatic)

m w-w

to be relatives

mn

to extinguish

m

rice

m

or

m-b

gleanings of rice

m-cޯn-

tool for cutting rice

m-d

fanner full of rice

m-

desire

m-dy-sn-nan

threshing floor

m-f

rice chaff

m-gb

stalk of rice

m-j

bunch of rice

M-K--hw

Harvest Feast (Feast of Weeks)

m-po-t

time of rice planting

m-z

pile of rice

mn

I myself

me myself

mn

oneself

you yourself

mn

you must not

m-v-ny

hungry person

m-z

year of famine

m

in

mu

to go

(future)

to be famous (with name as subject)

mu

to go for something

mu hw xwnn

to defecate

mu hw

to meet halfway

mu hwuu

to go deep (sore in skin)

mu w

to go straight to a person (for a fight)

mu wn

to go to a medium (cave)

m

happiness

m-k-kuu

joyful noise

m-w

day of rejoicing

m-w

joyful song

m-dn-

wash basin (laver)

m

friend

m-bn

co-wife

sister-in-law

m-g

male neighbor

m-nyn-dy

fellow human being

m-fӯn-

burner (for incense)

m-gb-gb

destruction

m-hw-

holy thing

m-hw-Gp

holy God

m-hw-hw

holiness

m-hw-ny

holy person

m-hw-t

time of purification

min

within

mn gbo

to go towards

mn k

to go through

mn nynċn

to be named by

m-kp-w

fare

m-ny-ny

enemy

m-po-

clothing

m-s-

sperm

m-v-hw

city of refuge

N, n      top

n

to drink

so

n dyi

to walk

na

like that

na

bird

n-

alcohol

drinks

n--s-zn-

drink offering

n-n

drinking water

naa

to prepare

n-

footstep

nd

danger

n-dy-gb

child that begins to walk (1-3)

nan k ei

to walk backwards

nan m

to walk together

nan w ei

to spread (skin disease)

nn

to lead

to walk by means of

nn gbn

to limp

nn-nn

leading

nn-ny

leader

nm

to be sharp

to be effective

nama m

to pass through

nmn

sin

Nmn -Kin-n-w

Day of Atonement

nmn-ny

sinner

nmn-nyu-nyu

committing sin

nmn-s-zn-

sin offering

nmn-z

evil spirit

nn-po-ny

counselor

nn-po-w

warning

n-w

warning

dyo

dye

yes

noo

(cry of anguish)

n

lice

n k

to pursue closely

n k

to put pressure on someone

n

breast

bitter

n-g

eggs of lice (or their young)

n-kp

iron (metal)

n-kp-w-

metal armor

n-n

bitter

fierce

n-n-k

to do something thoroughly

nā-pn-nan

penis hole

nįn i dyi

to oppress

nįn k

to place on top of

nmn

maggot

n

water

my

I

never

(completive)

n

to be

your

you

n k

to be ready to do something

n da

to have sex

n o dyn

to be on the shin

n cnn

to be fatty

to be oily

n dy

to be inside

n gbo

to be with

to serve someone

n hwi

to remember

n kin

to be over in authority

n k kn

to be on the job

n kpaan

to be in a sheath (sword)

n nyn

to be asleep

n too k

to be alive

n w-k

to be sad

n wn dyi

to be on the lips of

n woon

to remain with (ons mother)

n xwi

to be under the power of someone

n znn-znn

to look sickly

n z k

to be pregnant

n k

this

n-

well

n-d

spring

n-aa-t

rainy season

n-dy

water vessel

n-dy

stream

n-n

well ground (flour)

n-hw

depths of the water

n

then

ni

(quote introducer)

nn

my own

nin m

to have sex with each other

nn

own part

your own

n-kp

drinking cup

n-kp

cloud

n-mn

rainbow

nimii

animal

nimii-gm

animal horn

nimii-k

animal skin

nimii-xw

animal corpse

n-nan

living place

n-nn-nan

drinking place

n-n-t

thirst

n-n-t nyu

to be thirsty

n-p

cold water

n-sm

hot water

n-t

water jug

n-t

flood

n-z

twins

n

here

nn

maggot

nm dyin

to be fine

nm hw kin

to be kind

nm kin

to be fine

nm kpeen

to have good ways

nm nyn

to smell good

nmn dyi

to take care of

nmn dyin

to make fine

nmn xwa

to take care of

nm

liquor

nm-kn

drunken stupor

n

story

n

to refuse

n

right now

already

numu

to bite

Ny, ny      top

ny w

to kiss

nya

ahead

nya m

to sift

nya zu

to work hard

ny

secretly

nyaa-

termite

ny-ny

secretly

nya-nya-

tradition

nyn

to give suck

nyn w

to kiss each other

nyn dyi

to be abominable

nyama m

to pierce through something

nyn dyi

to stand

nyanan ei

to stand around something

nynn dyi

to erect

nyn-s

smoke

ny

who?

what?

ny m

to hate someone

ny

fire

firewood

to get old

ny-

large fire (oven)

nyċn-nyċn

hatred

ny-kn

hot coals

ny-kpn-gb

wood burnt at one end

ny-m

flame of fire

nyn

name

nyn mu

to be famous

nyn-

tooth

nyn

just

at once

ny-t

judgment by fire

ny

to give

ny g

to give an apology

to sympathize with someone

ny-

gift

nyini

to arrive

to reach

nynn

dung

manure

nynn

to bring something to a place

nynn dyin

to be bad

to spoil

nynn hw

to be mean

nynn hw kin

to be evil

nynn kpeen

to be bad in character

nynn nyn

to smell bad

nynn xwa

to mistreat

ny

sleep

ny-dy

firstborn

ny

smell

ny

person

thing

ny vn

elder

ny-c-ny

deceiver

ny -gana-xwa-zn-ny

violent person

ny -hwi-dyn-

memorial

ny-dy-gmn-p

fortress

ny-dyi-nįn-k

harshly

ny-dyn-kpn-ny

bad-tempered person

ny-hwu-kp

raiding party

ny-hwu-ny

raider

ny-kpee-z-z

discipline

ny-kp

group of people

nym

blood

nym-m-s-s

flow of blood (at birth)

nyn

female

wife

nyn-w

dowry

nyn

mankind

nyn-dy

mankind

human being

nyn-nm-

sweet smelling thing (incense)

ny-wuu-k-kp

authority

nyu

to do

to stay in a place

nyu oo

to prepare

nyu dyi

to pretend

nyu dy

to treat (in a certain way)

nyu gen-įn-w

to share alike

nyu gb-gb

to be a rascal

nyu gbo-n-

to cast lots

nyu jʣ gbo

to be faithful to someone

nyu j-j dy

to treat well

nyu k

to be obstinate

nyu k

to work

nyu m

to be made of

to put someone into a position

nyu m

to rejoice

nyu nm dyin dy

to treat kindly

nyu sa-zn-

to make a sacrifice

nyu wuu

to obey

nyu xwai

to practice (a thing)

nyu zse

to bear witness

nyu zn-zn

to make a palaver

ny-

domesticated animal

ny--cn

animal fat

ny- dyi-i-nan

pasture

ny--dy-gm-ny

a herdsman

ny-dy

grandchild

nyn

to make it out of something

nyn d

to shame someone

nyn f-fڃ

to make trouble for someone

nyn kpa

to do something so many times

nyn m

to do something with

nyn w

to sadden someone

nyuu-

deed

nyuu-k

job

nyuu-nmn

sinful deeds

O, o      top

o

-c

oak tree

,       top

he

she

it

his

hers

its

him

her

j

therefore

j k

if

sn n

except

-c

olive tree

-gb

olive grove

n-s

onyx

P, p      top

p

place

land

pa

to sink into

to be abundant inside (e.g. honeycomb)

to go into a hole

pa dyi

to disappear

to be missing

to leave secretly from someone

pa gbo

to rape

to bribe

pa hw

to celebrate a feast

pa sn

to whisper

pa (xw) xwi

to hide in the bush

p

to roll up (mat, cloth)

p

much

plenty

pn kin

to curl up

pn

to leave a road

pn hw

to celebrate a feast somewhere

pn snn dyi

to whisper something secretly to several others

pn

to thunder

pn m

to shout

pnn

to thunder at someone

pnn di

to scold

pni

pan

p

to cross (a river)

pt

plate

p wuu k

to break a promise

pee

to sell

p wuu k

to break a promise

pee fΣ

to be afraid

p

ringworm (itch)

peee-

commodity

pn

to cross someone over (a river)

peen m

to share in something

peen xwa

to have sex in common with

pn

to take shelter there

pn gbo

to sell to

pn xwi

to take shelter under

p dyi

to lie down something

p gbo

to have sex with someone

p k

to lie on

to pay

pĨ s

to stretch out ons hands

p-p

a flat object

p

to be cold

p

shade

pĨ-

payment

pĨ-ny

hired person

p-p

carefully

p-p-k

in a friendly way

pįn e

to pay back with

pܯn dyi

to lay down (something)

pܯn kin

to lay down on top of something

pܯn s k

to put ons hands on someone (for punishment)

p-nan

sleeping place

pnįn

plane tree

p-nynċn

roof support

p

to cook

p

half

piece

p dyi

to be restricted

to restrict

to oppress

pdyi

freely

p

outside

p-k

outside work

p

grass

pn

to cook in a certain place

pn

to draw (water)

pn m

to squeeze

p

price

p

whistle

p

sand

beach

p

wind

p-kp

wing

p-p

cooked

ptk

pistachio

p

liver

p

to be saved

to give birth

p xwan

to be saved from something

po

to make

to put

to raise (animals)

po bn

to put in place of something else

po b

to release a rock from a sling

po k

to be put on guard

po dyi

to disgrace someone

po

to stop

po cn dn

to anoint

po da

to put aside for safekeeping

po dn m

to arrange

po dn

to accuse

po m

to dress

po dy

to roast

po dyi

to put onto

to drop

to strike down

po dy

to tatoo

po dyi dyi

to be rude to someone

po dyoon

to vex

po fn

to make afraid

po gbn

to attack

po gbn

to commit adultery

po gbn

to put into a kinja

po gb

to plan

po gmae

to commit adultery

po hw xwnn

to start someone on his journey

po hw () ei

to discourage someone

po hwuu hw

to say goodbye

po jʣ

to believe

po k

to rebel

po k kn

to install in a job

po kp

to embrace a person by his neck

po kpn

to make a profit

po kpn kn

to profit from someone else

po kpan

to lend

po kp

to cry

po kp

to give strength to

po mana k

to bless

po m-b

to glean

po m

to put (clothes) on someone

po mn

to make happy

po nn

to warn

po n

to tell a story

po ny dy

to make a fire

po ny win

to take care of an old person

po pn

to put in order

po pċ

to coax

po sċ

to manipulate someone

po s

to tell the future

po s

to challenge

po s dya

to strike someone

po s k

to sign

to punish

po s xwan

to put something in someons hand

po sn

to plot against someone

po to k

to attack

po t dya

to spit on someone

po v k

to agitate

po wk

to set aside

to sanctify

po wuu n

to make an agreement

po wuu dyin

to ridicule someone (giving rebuke)

po wuu t

to make an agreement

po wuui

to announce

po xwan dyi

to put within the authority of someone

po xwn

to throw out

po zaa dn

to condemn

po zaa w

to judge

po zio

to proclaim

po zn

to defile

po zo

to thank

pn

to save

pn m

to spring shut

pn xwan

to save someone from something

pon bΣ

to share a common boundary

pon dy

to gather

to be gathered

pon hwi

to think

pn

to build out of

to shoot at

pn d

to head towards

pn k

to turn ons back to someone

pn kn

to reject

pn kpa

to throw several times

pn kpan

to lend something to someone

pn kp gbo

to mourn for someone

pn kpi

to cry out to someone

pn n dyi

to tell a story to someone

pn s

to shoot arrows at someone

pn zaa w

to judge somewhere

pn-kp

thrust of a weapon

pn-ny

saviour

po-po

pigeon

p-xw

childbirth labor

p-p

salvation

p-t

time for childbirth

p

leg of an animal or human (hind)

lap

pp

poplar

ps-k

forced labor

pmgn-c

pomegranate tree

pn

bow (and arrow)

pn-m

back muscle

pt

paint

pԳn

pound

p

only

anyhow

p dy

to withhold from someone

scale

pa

between

pu

to hurt

to hurt someone

pڃ-dy

scale number

p

to be white

p

to pour out

p dyi

to pour

p gb

to pour at the base of

p

then (surprise)

pi

then (in procedural discourse)

p

white

pu

dusty

p dy kin

to be almost blind

p dyn dyi

to be blind

pu-pu

dust

S, s      top

sa

to be tired

sa dy

to tire of something

s

to tie

sa

enmity (sacrifice)

s

foreskin

s-d

foreskin (separated)

s-j

circumcision sore

sa-k-zn-gb

altar

s-m-m

circumcision

sΣ-ny

crazy person

sa-sa

only

sa-z-hw

feast at a sacrifice

sa-zn-

sacrifice

sa-z-ny

priest

sa-z-z

sacrificing

s-gb

ladder

s-kp

kind of tree (like oak)

sίn

to tie onto something

sm dyi

to clean up

to destroy

sama

to plaster

to sharpen (a cutlass)

smn xwnn dyi

to plaster within

smn-

plaster (on house)

sn-d

secret conversation

s

arrow

se

not

lie

se dy fn

to be pregnant (expression by a woman)

se kp

to not have authority

s

to remain

to leave behind

s i

to stay behind

s

to remain

to be left

s dn

to stay straight on (a path)

s d

to inherit

to act as kinsman-redeemer

s n

to have no children

s en

to support someone

s gbo

to leave in someons care

s n

to drown

s to

to die in war

s xwn

to be lost

s xw

to be left alone (widow, orphan)

s

fin (fish)

S-B-n

December

s-w

silver money

s

has not

s

has never

sn

all

sn gbo

to stop at a place

sn gb

to stop at the edge of

sn kin

to prevail

s-kp

arrow

se-m-hw-

unclean thing

se-m-hw-nm

unclean animal

se-m-hw-ny

unclean person

s-n-s

eternal

se-ei-dy-nmn

unintentional sin

sep

because

s-po-ny

archer

se-tm-tm

lying

s

snake

to carve

sįn dy

to be right

to be righteous

s-k

cleverly

s-ny

craftsman

s-po-ny

diviner

s-po-po

divination

sn

taboo

s-s

carved

s i

to step down

s dn

to shine directly on ons head (sun)

s en

to follow someone

s dy

to thresh

s dyi

to keep coming out (water)

to get down

to appear in a place

s k

to follow

s k

to step on

s p

to step outside

s

to burn (no object)

to be deeply troubled (with heart)

s

to hurt a sore (even to a heart)

s-c

cedar tree

si-j

burn sore

sn

to place outside

sn i

to let someone down

sn dyi

to release in the open

sn kin

to trample on

S

Sheol

sk

scale

skm-c

sycamore tree

smt

cement

s

horse

soo dyi

to spread out something

soo kin

to spread out on

s-po-w

challenge

sj

soldier

sj-n-nan

soldiers' camp

s-kn-kp-ny

horse rider

s-nn-ny

horseman

s-n-gbu-kn

camel

s

chicken

s

to plot against

s dy

to plan

s

two

s

arm

hand

s

to come from

to leave

s en

to leave from following someone

to come from behind

s dy

to get up

s dyn

to be buried

s gbo

to leave from someone

s hwi

to forget

s hw

to leave from among

s k

to stop following

s m

to come from within

(xw) s w

to miscarry

sf

sulfur

sn b

to separate from each other

sn

from

to come from

sn da

to go from there

sn gbo

afterwards

sn dya

to come from the top of

sn hw

to go astray (in morals)

to dodge out of the way of something

sm

worm

s-nan

place of origin

s-n

malaria

s

rock

s

saw

s

to be gaunt

sӳn

ever

at all

s-gb

stone house

s-k

rock pile

s-kp

rock

s-s

skinny

gaunt

sӺ-kp

hailstone

sӺ-t

winter

s-t

rock mountain

cliff

s-wn-nan

rock quarry

s-p-

bracelet

s-s

a plot

s-xwi-d-ny

deputy

s

pestle

s

deaf

s gbo

to dip into

s (s)

old

sua

meat

sua-k

carcass of an animal

sua-kp

piece of meat

sua-p

leg of meat

s

stripe

sm (sm)

to be hot

st

suit of clothes

sڊn-g-ny

notorious thief

sڊ-ny

deaf person

T, t      top

t

three

t

to chew

t win

to chew the cud

t

to be almost (auxiliary verb)

t dyi

to leave

to forsake

ta

town

tzn

thousand

taa

to throw at

to hit

taa dya

to step on someons face

to humiliate

taa d hwuu

to bow down to the ground

taa ga-b

to be moldy

taa hw

to trust

taa m

to pierce

taa p

to name a price

taa s

to hit with an arrow

taa xwnn

to stab

taan dyi

to throw at

taan s-kp dyi

to stone

tc

taxes

tn m

to twist

tn

to eat in a certain place

tmw-c

tamarisk tree

t

to drip on

t dyi

to walk around

te

to be wet

t

table

tee

always

tn dyi

to sprinkle something

tn

to make wet

t

bottle

t

to tremble

t gbi

to tremble

tޯn

vein

artery

tmn

to teach

tmn dy

to show

t

to hit

ti

time

ti

when

ti aan

sometimes

t-kp

chin

te

darkness

t

basket

te-kp

darkness

tw

small

tnn dyi

to touch

t

ashes

ti ny

when?

t-k

ash heap

t-p

ashes

t-w

kind of animal (weasel)

t

large fork (to kill fish)

t dyi

to touch something

t nyu

to desire something

to

war

t

to send

to give

to allow

t e

to return something

t

to listen

t gbo

to listen to

t dy

to send to someone

t g k

to send punishment on

t j

to point to

t wuu

to command

t wuu gbo

to send word to someone

too

hill

too-

hilly country

t

to bear (fruit)

t-c

fruit tree

too-k-ny

human being

to-u-u

victory

to-gbo-z-

booty

spoils from war

tn

to dip a thing into something

ton c- gboi

to correspond by letter

tn

to send to a certain place

tn gbo

to send with

ton-pn-hw

fortified town

to-pn-nan

fortress

t-kp

island

ton-vӯn-

weapon

ton-vӯn- -ny

armor bearer

ton-vӯn-

armor

to-vӯn-nan

place for war

ton-vӯn-p

place for war

to-v-ny

warrior

t

to roof something

t

salt

t-n-j

index finger

tm gbo

to claim something

tm se

to lie

tm on

to be far

tm dya

to be tall

tm m

to be deep

tmn se min

to lie concerning

tmn bin

to be far from a place

tmn gboi

to be far apart

tm-tm

length

t (t)

other

t

saliva

t-

judge

t-m

pledge (in borrowing)

t-p

kind of bird (owl)

t

to awake someone

t dyi

to shake (no object)

to be excited (a town)

V, v      top

billy goat

v

green leaf

v

to curse

v

beard

whiskers

vin

far away

vn

big

oldest

vn-vn

very big

v

to weep

v

to hide

v dy

to hide from

v-d

hiding place

v-k

secretly

v-nan

hiding place

v-xw

hiding place

v-v

weeping

v-w

dirge

v dy

to be plentiful

v-v

plenty

v

to fight

tail

v dy

to try

v gbo

to fight against

v m

to be hungry

v-gb

tail

vn gbo

to fight one another

vӯn dy

to fight over someone

vӯn xwan dyi

to fight playfully (man and woman)

vs

verse

v-v

fighting

v dyi

to wave something (e.g. a sling)

v-v

fuzzy (to touch)

v

foam

W, w      top

wa

they

them

to break

w

to blaze up (fire)

to fly

to jump

w k

to forsake

w

! (marker for surprise)

wa

their

wa-

insects

w-s-kp

ribs

w

to break down

to break (a law)

w i

to fall to the ground

w dy dya

to catch sight of

w kin

to cover with a cloth

w dyi

to fall down in ruin

to rest

to spill

w gma

to break the law

w n

to become extinct

w p

to throw outside

w wuu

to deliver a message

(hw) w zaa dn

to bother ons conscience

to condemn

waa

kind of animal (coney)

w

quickly

w

openly

honestly

clearly

w-

shirt

wn ei

to be scattered around something

wn dyi

to spill something

wn kin

to break down upon

wn m

to enter

wa

before the sight of

w̯n

wine

wn dyi dyi

to jump up and down

wn dyi

to crush

to crumble

to smash

wίn dy kin

to ignore a matter needed to be addressed

wίn dyi

to tie to something

w̯n-t

wine flask

wk

side

wn

beside

w

day

w

full of

little

dear

weema

rabbit

w-c

willow tree

w

just a few

w-c

sap (of a certain tree)

w

to be sick

sickness

w

to be broken

w

small red headed lizard

w-w

lightning

w-w

song

w

anyhow

w k

nevertheless

please

wïn dy

to be suitable for each other

wn dyi

to be crushed

to be broken

wޯn

to be right (in doing something)

w-w

by all means

w

thorn

w-c

thistles

w

money

wii

goat

w-

bag of money

w-kp

debt

w

sorrow

grief

w-k-n-nan

mercy seat (on ark of the covenant)

wn

at the side of

at the edge of

win

along side of (a road)

wn-kp-kp

sorrow

grief

wk

week

w

to be born

to appear

w dy

to be good looking

w gb

to prosper

w m

to be healthy

w nyn

to wake up

w xwn

to rise (sun)

to appear

woo

head of grain

w-n

born of the same father

w-n

born of the same mother

wn

to give birth to

wn dy

to appear to

wn-

mother that bears one

wn-ny

parent

w-ny

relative

w-w

birthday

wo-wo

heat

w

to agree

to hear

w j

to hear about something

w min

to understand

w ny

to smell

w wn dyi

to hear from someone

w

mouth

edge

w-

cave (often for divining)

w

long

wԯn gbo

to agree to something

wԯn m

to confess

to repent

wԯn w

to sing responsively

wn

to wash something in a certain place

w-kp

lips

w-nm--

good tasting food

w

to wash something

w-pa-ny

medium (in a cave)

w-w

window

w

to sound (bell)

wuu

word

language

w

to speak

w gbo

to speak to someone

w-b

scar (of a burn)

wuu-i-i

promise

vow

wuu-k-ny

ruler

wuu-nyu-nyu

obeying

wuun-jaa-jaa

disobeying

wuun-jaa-ny

disobedient person

wuun-z-ny

translator

wuu-wn-dn-ny

prophet

Xw, xw      top

xwa

hand

xwa dyai aa-

easy thing

xw

bush

xw xwi-dyi-sn-w

scapegoat

xw-

monitor lizard

xw-kp

forest

xw-pa-ny

hunter

xwn-pn-

weapon for hunting

xw-v

wild greens

xw-xwi-nm

wild animal

xwa-ku-ku

weight

xwan

in the hand of

xwa-w

handful

xw-xw

short

xw-d

tribe

family

xw

a burning desire

xw

corpse

xw

scales of fish

xw

how?

xw

fishing hook

xwި-nm

four footed animals with paws

xw-gb

coffin

xw-gm

grave

xwܯn bin

to be close to

xwܯn i dyi

to be close to the ground (animal)

xwܯn dyi

to be near

xwa

interior

north

xw

stomach

womb

xw

door

xwi

under

xw-k

belly

width (of a ship)

xw-t܋n

threshold (of a door)

xw-dy

orphan

xwnn

within

meaning

xwnn-

guts

xwnn-dy

offspring

xwnn-z-

born father

xwnn-z-

born mother

xwnn-z-dy

offspring

Z, z      top

z

to remove

z b

to reconcile

z

to take away (right there)

z n

to dig out

z da

to point out

to show

z d

to behead

z

to take away (farther away)

z dyi

to take away completely

z f

to take away ons life

z wuu

to answer

z n

to quarrel

z n dyi

to take of ons clothes

z n dyi

to not listen to

z dyn

to bury

z fee dyi

to reveal

to peel something

z g

to raise from the dead

z hw

to take from among (cut off)

z hwuu

to uproot

z kin nyn d

to take away reproach

z k

to skin

z kpa

to avenge

to repay

z kpaan

to draw (a sword)

z kpa

to take revenge for someone

z kpee

to discipline

z m

to take something out of something

z min

to take from within

z n w

to wean

z n-n-tn

to take away thirst

z n

to save from drowning

z nyn

to greet someone

to wake someone up

z pn

to invent

to bring about

z sa

to sacrifice

z wuu k

to order

to command

z wuun

to read

to interpret

z xwa

to take away from someone

z xwaan

to present something

z xwai

to take everything from someone

z xwnn

to tell the meaning of

z xwnn m

to explain

zaa

palaver

zaa kp

to be guilty

zaa n

to be guilty

zaa w dn

to be guilty

zaa-d-w

accusation

zaa-dn-w-w

guilt

z-n

quarrel

zaa-w-po-ny

judge

Zg

April

zan dn

to increase in number

to multiply

to prosper

zan dy

to separate something into two pieces

(hw) zan dyi

to feel at ease

zan gbo

to distinguish

to separate

zan gboi

to separate

zan kin

to explain

zan m

to increase

to prosper

zan nyn

to greet each other

zn da

to reveal

zn da

to remove

zn n dyi

to refuse to admit

to pretend not to hear

zn dy

to disguise oneself

to alter

zn gana xwa

to take by force

zn hw

to lead astray

zn kpa kin

to get revenge on someone

zn kpa

to take revenge on someone

zn sa

to sacrifice at

zn xwn

to present something to someone

zn zn

to despise

zk

shaker (for music)

zse-ny

witness

z-wuu-da

dictionary

zea nyn

to gossip about someone

z

thunder

z

to count something

z

today

zin

long

zޯn m

to turn into

z-kp

crack of thunder

zn

dirt

to stumble

to slip

zn xwan dyi

to escape from someone

zi

to pass (time)

to flow

zi dy

to surpass

zi dyi

to pass away

to pass (in town)

to forget about a matter

zi dyin

to pass by something

zi gbo

to join with someone

zi k

to chase someone

zi kin

to pass over (water)

zi w

to overcome

z-g

big species of bat

z gbo

to change

z gboi

to exchange for something else

(hw) zn dyin

to be in a daze

zn hw m

to pass back and forth between two places

zn m

to be in a commotion

zn dyi

to pass against

to go from place to place

zn gb

to pass on the side of

zn hwn gbo

to show partiality

zn k

to pass through

zn kin

to forgive

zn m

to pass through

zn ti

to waste time

Zn-Kin-hw

Passover

zii-ny

people passing by

zimii

fish

z-z

red

orange

z-

kind of lizard

zoo

loudly

z

year

daybreak

to break (day)

z wn k

at dawn

z wn vn

just before dawn

z

to ask for

z

under

to become rotten

zn

to request something from someone

zin

to the south

zԋn-cޯn-nan

courtroom

zn-

request

zn-w-pn-nan

court house

z

crop of chicken

z

kind of bird (heron)

the day after tomorrow

a long time ago

z-

request

z

hoof (of animal)

zuu-

foolish thing

z-k

skin to carry things (of a particular animal)

zo

thanks

zo-po-ny-

thank offering

zo-po-po

thanksgiving

zo-po-w

song of praise or thanksgiving

z

spirit

shadow

z kp

to attract someone

zz-t

summer

 

top

 

24 March 2005